The Civil War in Randolph County
Beverly Heritage Center
Begin your journey at our museum with exhibits on the First Campaign of the Civil War and the Battle of Rich Mountain. Learn about several “firsts” of the War and prepare for the rest of your trip with maps, brochures, exhibits, and info about regional history.
Rich Mountain Battlefield
Visit the site of one of the first engagements of the American Civil War, where Union regiments under the overall command of General George B. McClellan attacked and defeated Confederate troops defending a strategic mountain pass on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Read interpretive signs, see the remains of the Hart homestead where the battle took place, the Confederate earthworks at Camp Garnett, or try our hiking trail.
Historic Beverly Antiques
This house owned by Col. David Goff was used as a Federal hospital during the war where soldiers and nurses left graffiti on the walls which can still be seen today. The building is now home to Historic Beverly Antiques, a consignment co-op with over 30 vendors. They have two floors of antiques, books, clothes, and all kinds of vintage items.
Camp Elkwater (aka Fort Marrow) is a Civil War fortification that was key in the Union defense of the Tygart Valley its access to major transportation that protected Western Virginia. On September 12th and 13th, 1861 Confederate General Robert E. Lee attempted and failed to capture the fort in his first campaign as a commanding officer, leading to the nickname “Granny Lee”.
Following the Union victory at the Battle of Rich Mountain, General George B. McClellan ordered the construction of fortifications to protect important transportation routes which included Cheat Summit Fort (Fort Milroy) overlooking the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike and Fort Marrow overlooking the Huttonsville-Huntersville Turnpike which lead to the Central Virginia Railroad. The fort is an earthen redoubt, the remains of which can still be seen today. The fort was used as a camp by Federal troops until Spring of 1862. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010.
Cheat Summit Fort
Cheat Summit Fort (aka Fort Milroy) is a Civil War fortification on Cheat Mountain located on Forest Road 245 between Huttonsville and Durbin. Union troops built the fort in the summer of 1861 to guard the strategically important Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. At over 4,000 in elevation it’s one of the highest Union forts in the country. On September 12th, 1861 in his first campaign as a commanding officer, Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched a failed attack at Cheat Summit and nearby Camp Elkwater. The camp was later used to stage Union attacks at Camp Bartow and Camp Allegheny.
Today you can still see the remains of the earthworks which were originally 10 feet high. A modern observation platform provides a view of the surrounding area. On a clear day Union soldiers were able to see enemy campfires at Allegheny Mountain 20 miles away. Cheat Summit Fort was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Stay in the historic Lemuel Chenoweth House.
This self-taught architect built several historic buildings in Randolph County and the surrounding area including the visually stunning Tygart Valley Presbyterian Church and the sturdy Philippi covered bridge. See his house in the Beverly Historic District next to the former site of the Beverly covered bridge, which was burned during the Civil War then later rebuilt.